Shooting is a test of accuracy and control, in which competitors use pistols or rifles to fire a series of shots at a stationary target. The aim is to shoot closest to the centre of the target. 
Athletes compete in Rifle and Pistol events from distances of 10, 25 and 50m, in men's, women's and mixed competitions. Australian shooters have competed in every Paralympic Games since the sport was introduced in 1976.
Shooting is governed by the IPC and coordinated by the IPC Shooting Technical Committee following the modified rules of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF). These rules take into account the differences that exist between shooting for the able-bodied and shooting for persons with a disability.

How to Shoot

The shooter fires a series of shots at a target from a distance defined by the event. The target consists of 10 concentric scoring rings, with the central ring worth 10 points and the outside ring worth one. The winner is the shooter who accrues the most points by consistently firing shots in the central rings. Targets vary in size depending on the event. 

Events are held in both Pistol and Rifle shooting. Air rifles are shot over 10m and .22 calibre rifles over 50m. Pistol shooters fire from a distance of 25 m.

In Rifle there are events in both standing and prone positions. In prone events the athlete can rest their elbows on a table to give added stability, whilst in standing they must shoot in an unsupported position. There is an additional kneeling position in the three position 50m Rifle events.

The number of shots allowed and the time limit is fixed. These variables differ between events. However, generally athletes fire 60 shots within an hour and a half. 

Basic Rules of Shooting

Please click here to download the Rule Book from Australian Paralympic Committee that is used at national/international events.

Who can Shoot

Impairment Type

To be eligible for para-shooting, athletes must have a physical disability that impairs upper and/or lower body function.


In para-shooting, there are two different sport classes for athletes with physical impairments:

SH1: Pistol and rifle competitors who are able to support their firearm without a stand.
SH2: Rifle competitors who are unable to support the weight of their firearm due to upper body limitations and therefore require a shooting stand.

How Do I Get Classified?

For more information on how to get classified please visit the Shooting Australia website here or contact them at

Get Involved

Competitive shooting is a thrilling test of mental focus. Athletes of all ages and abilities train together and share a strong comradery.  Get involved, have fun and take your shot at the Paralympics!

Where Is it Played

Recreational shooting can be done at any local gun club. Specialized clubs offer professional coaching and competitions to athletes with a physical disability. To find the nearest club, please contact your state affiliation listed in “Who Runs it”. 

Athlete Pathway

Shooting Australia runs a Paralympic program for talented shooters in rifle and pistol disciplines. 

There are many different disciplines of shooting, both competitive and recreational. Shooting Australia has specialized member bodies for each discipline. These associations offer development training for beginners. To start shooting, contact the relevant member body listed below. 

Clay Target
Australian Clay Target Association
Phone: (02) 6931 0122
Field and Game
Field and Game Federation of Australia
Phone: (07) 5573 5219
Fullbore Rifle
National Rifle Association of Australia
Phone: (07) 3398 1228
Pistol Australia
Phone: (02) 6281 1303
Smallbore & Air Rifle
Target Rifle Australia
Phone: (02) 6033 4221

Become an Official

The main official is the referee whose purpose is to enforce the IPC shooting rules and regulations. To become a referee, candidates must complete a two-day course in Sydney, run by Shooting Australia.  If the candidate passes the final examination they are sent an IPC Shooting Certificate and become qualified to referee at international tournaments. 

To apply for the course please email Anne-Marie Nicklee, the Community Development Officer at Shooting Australia at

Become a Classifier

There are two types of classifiers, medical and technical. The following prerequisites are required to be eligible for classifier training:

Medical classifiers: Currently registered medical professional (physiotherapist or medical doctor); with minimum 5 years clinical experience with people with physical disabilities. It is an advantage to have a background in shooting or classifying para-sports.

Technical classifiers: Must hold a Bachelor or Master degree in sport science/ kinesiology / human movement science or other equivalent; and shooting experience. 

It is crucial that classifiers have a strong understanding of shooting. To ensure this, candidates must have experience in shooting either as a participant, volunteer, coach or administrator. 

To find out more about the classifier pathway contact the Australian Paralympic Committee via email or phone +61 2 9704 0500.

Become a Volunteer

Para-shooting is only made possible through the help of our dedicated volunteer. For information about upcoming volunteer opportunities please contact Kerry Copper (Sports Administrator at Shooting Australia) on



Please contact your state office (listed in “Who Runs The Sport” section below) for details about up-coming state and local competitions.


Please visit our events page for any upcoming Australian events. 

UpCOMING International EVENTS

Please visit our events page for any upcoming International events. 



Shooting Australia
Contact: Anne-Marie Nickless (Community Development Officer)
Phone: +61 8 8177 1860


New South Wales

Wheelchair Sports NSW
P: +61 2 9809 5260


Sporting Wheelies and Disabled Association
P: +61 7 3253 3333

South Australia

Disability Recreation and Sports SA
P: +61 8 8234 1533


Disability Sport and Recreation
P: +61 3 9473 0133

Western Australia

ReboundWA (formerly Wheelchair Sports Association WA)
+61 8 6143 5800


International Paralympic Committee
P: +49-228-2097-200


Australian Paralympic Committee
P: +61 2 9704 0500


Get in Contact

Shooting Australia is the peak national body for para-shooting. For further information please email Community Development Officer, Anne-Marie Nickless at



Intro to Para-Shooting from International Paralympic Committee

Classification from International Paralympic Committee

Para-Shooting at the Beijing Paralympics from International Paralympic Committee


International Rules from Australian Paralympic Committee 

Referee Pathway from Shooting Australia