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Para-alpine skiing is a modified version of alpine-skiing for athletes with a physical disability. It was started by German and Austrian war veterans who returned from World War II injured, but still wanting to participate in winter sports. Alpine-skiing was in the first Paralympic Games, held in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, in 1976. It has been a prestigious winter sport ever since. Men and women compete separately across different disciplines.  Para-alpine skiing is governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). 

Para-snowboard emerged much later as a competitive winter sport. It was added to the Paralympic Winter Program in 2012 by the IPC. Para-snowboard made its debut at the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games, held in Sochi, Russia. 

How to PLAY Winter Sports 

How to Ski

Skiing is a recreational and competitive winter sport that involves gliding down a snow-faced mountain on a pair of skis. A ski is a relatively narrow strip of material, attached to each foot by bindings that lock in the ski boot. The bindings release the athlete under certain pressure to minimize the chance of injury should they fall or hit an obstacle. In competitive skiing, athletes are timed as they race down a course outlined by a series of poles. The aim is to get a faster time than your competitors.  

There are four major disciplines in para-alpine skiing: Slalom, Giant Slalom, Super-G and Downhill. Slalom has the narrowest course and thus the shortest turns. Giant Slalom has a wider course and longer turns than Slalom. A Super-G course is bigger than Giant Slalom. Downhill is the fastest discipline as it has a very long course but few turns. 

How to Snowboard

Snowboarders ride down the mountain with a snowboard attached to their feet. A snowboard is a thick board approximately the length of the rider’s body. Snowboarding differs to monoskiing because of the stance of the user. Monoskiiers ski with their feet in line with the direction of travel. Snowboarders ride with their feet transverse to the longitude of the board.  

Snowboard cross is the only para-snowboard event at the Paralympic Games. Each boarder completes three runs down the course with their finish time of their best two runs determining the final order based on ascending time. There is only one rider on the course at a time. The event takes place on a man-made course constructed from a variety of terrain features like bank turns, various types of jumps and rollers etc. 

Basic Rules of WInter SPorts 

Click here to download the International Rule Book of Alpine Skiing. 

Click here to download the International Rule Book of Para-Snowboarding. 

Who can Ski

Impairment Type

To be eligible for para-alpine skiing athletes must have a physical impairment (such as limb loss or limb deficiency, spinal cord injury, nerve damage, cerebral palsy) or vision impairment.


Every skier is classified based on their type of disability. There are three disability classes:

  1. Standing
  2. Blind
  3. Sitting 

The standing class includes athletes with amputations that have enough functionality to ski standing up with the assistance of adaptive equipment such as outrigger skis that support balance. There are 11 sub-classes in the standing category (LW1 – LW9.2).

Athletes with vision impairment compete in one of three blind classes: B1 Totally Blind, B2 Visual acuity of less than 2/60, B3 Visual acuity of 2/60 to 6/60. 

The sitting class includes athletes with quadriplegia or severe limb deficiencies who compete sitting down in a wheelchair-like ski called a mono-ski. There are 5 sub-classes in the sitting category (L10 – L12.2). 

Athletes are given a time handicap for each run depending on their classification. 

WHO CAN SnowBoard


To be eligible for para-snowboard, athletes must have a physical disability that impairs the upper or lower limbs. Para-snowboard does not include athletes with a visual impairment, like para-alpine skiing. 


Athletes are separated into three functionality classes:
SB-LL-1 Boarders with significant lower limb impairment in one or both legs. Athletes may use prosthesis as required. 
SB-LL-2 Boarders with lower limb impairment one or both legs with less activity limitation. 
SB-UL Boarders with upper limb impairment in at least one arm.


How Do I Get Classified?

Please contact Disabled WinterSport Australia (DWA) if you have a physical or vision impairment and want to 'get classified' to ski/ride against other athletes with a disability. They will be able to provide details of opportunities to get classified.

Contact: Rick Coate (Chief Executive Officer) 
P: 0437 626 542

Get Involved

Skiing and snowboarding are the hobbies of a lifetime. They’re fun, social, and make the best holidays! 

Want to get serious? Competitive skiing/boarding is an exhilarating test of balance, endurance and mental focus. Get involved and carve your way to Paralympic glory!

Where Is it Played

Disabled WinterSport Australia (DWA) provide an 8 day intensive training course at Thredbo, Perisher and Falls Creek. The course costs only $179 and includes all tuition, meals, accommodation and ski passes. Course dates have not been set, however regularly check the DWA website for updates. 

Athlete Pathway

Disabled WinterSport Australia (DWA), provide discipline specific camps to assist athletes in their development as skiers and riders.

Disciplines are: 
   - Sit Ski
  - Vision Impairment (VI), both Alpine and Snowboard
  - Snowboard
  - Alpine Stand Up (Ski)

For athletes eligible for Paralympic competition DWA work, in partnership with the Australian Paralympic Committee, to develop a pathway through to elite international competition. 

DWA also works with the Australian Defence Force, University Games system and interschools to provide recreational racing and training for social athletes.

For information on upcoming programs please contact: 
Rick Coate (Chief Executive Officer) 
P: 0437 626 542

To find out more about the competition pathway please the state office listed below under “Who runs the Sport”.

Become an Official

Vision impaired skiers require a guide to assist in direction, speed control and safety. DWA is committed to developing skillful guides. 

Guides start as Adaptive Snowsport guides. To become an adaptive snowsport guide the candidate must attend an evening theoretical learning clinic and weekend on snow clinic. 

Successful Adaptive Snowsport guides can advance to become Primary Snowsport Guides. To certify the candidate must complete sufficient guiding hours and undertake some advanced guiding clinics.  

Become a Classifier

There are two types of classifiers, medical and technical. The following prerequisites are required to be eligible for classifier training:

Medical classifiers: Currently registered medical professional (physiotherapist or medical doctor); with minimum 5 years clinical experience with people with physical disabilities. It is an advantage to have a background in skiing/snowboarding or classifying para-sports.

Technical classifiers: Must hold a Bachelor or Master degree in sport science/ kinesiology / human movement science or other equivalent; and skiing/snowboarding experience. 

It is crucial that classifiers have a strong understanding of archery. To ensure this, candidates must have experience in skiing/snowboarding either as a participant, volunteer, coach or administrator. 


To find out more about the classifier pathway contact the Australian Paralympic Committee via email or phone +61 2 9704 0500.

Become a Volunteer

Volunteering is the cornerstone of para-sport. Disabled WinterSport Australia is always looking for enthusiastic volunteers to help with events and general administration. If you’re an advanced skier, you might be eligible to become a volunteer guide. This is the best way to get close to the action and help a vision impaired athlete reach their potential!

Please contact DWA at  to register your interest. 



Please contact your state office (listed in “Who Runs The Sport” section below) for details about up-coming state and local competitions.


Please visit our events page to view any upcoming Australian events. 

UpCOMING International EVENTS

Please visit our events page to view any upcoming International events. 



Disabled WinterSport Australia
Contact: Rick Coate (Chief Executive Officer) 
P: 0437 626 542

Membership enquiries:

Volunteer Enquiries

General Information


International Paralympic Committee
P: +49 228 2097 200
F: +49 228 2097 209


Australian Paralympic Committee
P: +61 2 9704 0500

Get in Contact

Disabled WinterSport Australia is the peak national body for Skiing and Snowboarding. For further information, please contact:
Rick Coate (Chief Executive Officer) 
P: 0437 626 542


Intro to Alpine Skiing and Para-Snowboarding from Australian Paralympic Committee


International Rules from the International Paralympic Committee